Subjects and Elements
Now on to the main focus of the shot– the subject. When framing a shot around your subject, quickly scan the image from left to right. Make a mental note of halving the image down the middle and count how many important elements are on each side. You can now begin to experiment.
First, start by changing the distance between your subject, elements and the border of the image. See how the environment affects the overall balance of the shot. The goal is to make a photograph that is carefully balanced right and left, as if either side were the same weight visually. As with everything, practice makes perfect. You’ll notice that at the beginning most people are inclined to place the subject at the centre of the shot. This is purely intuitive, as placing the subject at the centre of the frame will most likely result in a balanced composition. However, once you grow in confidence, try to think outside the box and experiment with placing the subject to the left or right of the frame, and use elements to counter-balance the image. The more you improve, the more complex the composition can become.
As a rule of thumb, and to judge whether a shot is balanced or not, see if the image causes tension in the viewer. Balanced images often bring a sense of tranquillity and peace to the viewer, and is often relaxing to the eye.